Shale Gas-Produced Water

Produced Water from Shale Gas


Evaporation of produced water from hydrofracking to recover pure condensate and high quality salt (e.g. NaCl and/or CaCl₂) which can be marketed. The contaminants are concentrated for minimum liquid discharge and heavy metals are removed upstream of the evaporation plant.


Produced waters from hydrofracking during the extraction of shale gas, which contain salt and other contaminants.

Process Characteristics

  1. Pre-treatment by pH adjustment and filtration to remove solid impurities
  2. Removal of heavy metals by chemical purification
  3. Crystallization of high grade NaCl
  4. Recovery of CaCl₂
  5. High contaminant loadings can be handled
  6. Liquid purge is minimized
  7. Plant designed to minimize scaling

Plant Characteristics

  • MVR system to optimise energy costs
  • Minimum equipment to reduce investment costs
  • Forced circulation evaporators to handle solids
  • Special treatment to minimize scaling
  • Centrifuge for salt separation and washing to recover a value added product for marketing
  • Skid-mounted units for mobile operation available
  • Flexible load with turn-down of up to 50 %
Crystallizer for Produced Water
Crystallizer for Produced Water

SEP Salt & Evaporation Plants Ltd
Neuwiesenstrasse 69
CH-8400 Winterthur

Phone +41 52 260 50 70
Fax      +41 52 260 50 80